Guidelines to Authors

General Considerations

A manuscript is written and prepared according to the Journal's guidelines to authors. A manuscript is within the scope of the Journal.

Editorial Procedure

Each manuscript received is evaluated by the Editor-in-Chief. The manuscripts that do not meet the main criteria listed in the guidelines to authors are returned to authors. Contributions that qualify for further consideration are sent to anonymous peer reviewers. Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two reviewers and subject to the additional editorial review of the methodological quality, statistical analysis, and data presentation. The estimated time from submission to the first decision is 1 week. Authors are usually given 4 weeks for manuscript revision.


All authors should sign the copyright form scan the file and upload it as a separate file while submitting a manuscript. This document contains the authorship statement and copyright transfer form. The copyright form can be downloaded from the Guidelines to authors section on the Journal webpage.

Conflict of Interest

We encourage all authors to report any potential conflicts of interest to ensure complete transparency regarding their manuscript. According to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE): "Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author's institution) has financial (employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria and paid expert testimony) or personal relationship, academic competition or intellectual passion that inappropriately influences his actions."

Manuscript Submission

All manuscript can be send by email to

Article Types

Contributions to the Journal are classified into the categories listed in the table below. The maximum word count does NOT include the title, authors and affiliations, abstract, keywords, subheadings, table and figure legends, and references. However, it does include the text in the tables, if any.

Category Maximum word count Maximum number of references
Editorial 1000 10
Review 5000 60
Original article 3000 30
Short communication 1500 10
Case report 2000 30

Manuscript Preparation

The following should be submitted:

1. Title page (authors name, affiliations, email)
2. Manuscript (without authors and affiliations)
3. Copyright and conflict of interest form

Please note that a Manuscript file should not contain any information on the authors and their affiliation. Also, the Manuscript file name should not contain any reference to the author's name. This is important because all manuscripts are sent for blind peer review.

Title page

The title page should be a separate page. The title page should include:
> full title of the manuscript;
> authors names, affiliations (institution, department, city, country) and e-mail addresses for further correspondence;
> corresponding author's e-mail address and full mailing address (institution, department, zip code, city, country). Please note that the e-mail address of corresponding author will be published in the final version of the article if a manuscript is accepted.
The corresponding author should be marked with an asterisk (*). The affiliations should be noted with a superscript number.

For example:

Naved Ahmad1*, Akash Gupta2

1. Department of Biochemistry, Subharti Medical College, Merrut, U.P.
2. Department of Biochemistry, Rama Medical College, Pilakhua, U.P.

*Corresponding author:


A manuscript should be prepared as follows:
> The file should be in MS Word format (doc, docx file)
> The text should be double-spaced throughout including the title page, abstract, body text, references, acknowledgments, individual tables and legends
> Page format: A4;
> Font and size: times new roman, 12 pt;
> All margins: 2.5 cm;
> Pages should be numbered throughout.

Please note that the title page are not included into the manuscript file.
All pages of the manuscript (except for the title page, which are attached separately) should be within a single document. Original manuscripts should be structured as follows: Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and References.


All types of manuscripts should contain an abstract.
An abstract of 300 words maximum should be provided on a separate page (abstract only, without authors and affiliation). The abstract of an original article should be structured into four headings: Background, Materials and Methods, Results, and Conclusions. For other article types, abstracts do not have to be structured.


Please provide 3-5 keywords

Materials and Methods

The Materials and Methods section should only include information that was available at the time the study was planned. All information obtained during the study should be provided in the Results section. This section should be structured as follows:
> Subjects (if research includes human subjects), Materials (otherwise);
> Methods
> Statistical analysis

In the Subjects/Materials section it is recommended to include the following:
> Time and place of the study;
> Study design (case-control, cohort, diagnostic accuracy etc.);
> Inclusion and exclusion criteria;

When reporting trials on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards set by the responsible human experimentation committee (institutional and national) and 1975 Helsinki Declaration.

In the Methods section, methods, instruments (give the manufacturer's name, town and country in parentheses), and procedures should be described in sufficient detail to allow other researchers to reproduce the results. For well-established methods, only references should be provided.

In the Statistical analysis section, authors should list all statistical methods used in the study and preselected level of significance (P). If possible, findings should be quantified and presented using appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (e.g., confidence intervals). At the end of this section, authors should specify the statistical software used.


State the main or most important finding first. The data presented in the tables or figures should not be repeated in the text. Graphs should be used as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not present the same data in duplicate (e.g., in both graphs and tables). Exact P-values should be provided for all tested differences (e.g., write P=0.048 instead of P<0.05) rounded to three decimal places.


Emphasize the new and important conclusion based on the study results in the context of the best available evidence. Do not repeat the data presented in the Introduction or Results section.


All contributors, if any, who do not meet the authorship criteria should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.


Use Vancouver referencing style. References should be numbered consecutively, using Arabic numerals in parentheses, in the order of appearance in the text.
The most common examples are as follows:

1. Standard journal article
List the first six authors followed by et al. (Note: NLM now lists all authors.)
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7.

2. Books and Other Monographs
A. Personal author(s)
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis:Mosby; 2002.

B. Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York:McGraw-Hill; 2002.

C. Author(s) and editor(s)
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.

D. Chapter in a book
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

E. Journal article on the Internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from:

Abbreviations and symbols

Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. Always spell out abbreviations on first mention and include the abbreviation in parenthesis unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.

Copyright form / Conflict of interest

All authors should sign the Author statement form, scan the file and upload it as a separate file while submitting a manuscript. This document contains the authorship statement, statement of originality of work, research ethics statement, patient privacy and confidentiality statement, and copyright transfer form and conflict of interest.

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